a. Compare and contrast the biological, cognitive/learning, and humanistic perspectives of motivation.
b. Compare and contrast theories of emotion; include James-Lange, Cannon-Bard, and Singer-Schacter’s Two Factor.
Motivation is a psychological feature that arouses an organism to act towards a desired goal and elicits, controls, and sustains certain goal-directed behaviors. It can be considered a driving force; a psychological one that compels or reinforces an action toward a desired goal. It is the purpose or psychological cause of an action.
Motivation has been shown to have roots in physiological, behavioral, cognitive, and social areas. It may be rooted in a basic impulse to optimize well-being, minimize physical pain and maximize pleasure.
The emotions he identified were happiness, sadness, disgust, fear, surprise, and anger.
Psychological research has classified six facial expressions which correspond to distinct universal emotions: disgust, sadness, happiness, fear, anger, surprise. It is interesting to note that four out of the six are negative
Paul Ekman, a widely recognized psychologist, found six emotions that were universally recognized: anger, disgust, fear, joy, sadness, and surprise.
Findings on contempt are less clear, though there is at least some preliminary evidence that this emotion and its expression are universally recognized.
Explaining ones emotional state can be difficult. It really depends on the language you use daily. For instance if I said SNOW, FLURRY, BLIZZARD, these words probably conjure up different images in your mind, however they are all SNOW. Likewise if i said "I am angry", I could be irate, annoyed, irritated displeased, resentful, furious or enraged. Are they all the same? You probably are thinking they are all very different. If it is difficult for us to explain how we feel, trying to have a child explain how they feel.
A better way to explore emotions might be using COLOR. Explore this idea by completing the Emotional Check-in
In late 2009, director Pete Docter noticed his pre-teen daughter, Elie, exhibiting similar shyness. "She started getting more quiet and reserved, and that, frankly, triggered a lot of my own insecurities and fears," he said. He imagined what happens in the human mind when emotions set in. The idea to depict it through animation excited Docter, who felt it the ideal form to portray "strong, opinionated, caricatured personalities".
He began researching information about the mind, alongside Jonas Rivera, a producer, and Ronnie del Carmen, a secondary director. They consulted Paul Ekman, a well-known psychologist who studies emotions, and Dacher Keltner, a professor of psychology at the University of California, Berkeley. Ekman had early in his career identified six core emotions—anger, fear, sadness, disgust, joy, and surprise. Docter found surprise and fear to be too similar, which left him with five emotions to build characters around.
Other emotions considered for inclusion during the development process were schadenfreude, ennui, pride, and hope. Keltner focused on sadness being an emotion that strengthens relationships. Both emphasized how emotions organize social lives and the structuring of interpersonal interactions.
What are the 10 things body language says about you, and why is it important to know? With the world shrinking, speaking foreign languages is becoming more vital to get ahead. But there is one universal language that many ignore - body language! This is the only language that travels without a visa, and luckily, one we can all learn.
This informative program explains how the subtle changes in people's body posture and gestures can speak volumes about what they are thinking, feeling, and what they really mean.
The program also examines the body language of important historical figures, from Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchil, to Barack Obama and John McCain.
"He Knows When You're Lying". Lie to Me was an American crime drama television series. It originally ran on the Fox network from January 21, 2009 to January 31, 2011. In the show, Dr. Cal Lightman and his colleagues in The Lightman Group accept assignments from third parties, and assist in investigations, reaching the truth through applied psychology: interpreting microexpressions, through the Facial Action Coding System, and body language.
In May 2009, the show was renewed for a second season consisting of 13 episodes; Season two premiered on September 28, 2009. On November 24, 2009, Fox ordered an extra nine episodes for season two, bringing the season order to 22 episodes. On May 12, 2010, Entertainment Weekly reported that Lie to Me received a 13-episode third season pick-up. The third season of Lie to Me was originally to premiere on November 10, 2010.
On September 28, 2010, the premiere date was moved to October 4, 2010, because of the cancellation of Lone Star. Lie to Me was officially canceled by Fox on May 11, 2011. The show is inspired by the work of Paul Ekman, the world's foremost expert on facial expressions and a professor emeritus of psychology at the University of California San Francisco School of Medicine. Dr. Ekman has served as an advisor to police departments and anti-terrorism groups and acted as a scientific consultant in the production of the series. He is also the author of 15 books, including "Telling Lies" and "Emotions Revealed".
Copyright © 2021
All Rights Reserved.