a. Identify learning as a relatively permanent change in behavior based on experience.
b. Explain the behavioral approach to learning.
c. Compare and contrast the paradigms of classical and operant conditioning.
d. Describe changes in behavior using the social learning theory.
This program discusses the basic principles of how we learn; classical, instrumental, and operant conditioning; and the role that stimuli and consequences play in learned behavior and habits.
Dairy Farmers Strawberry Milk
Have you eaten it since?
We will explore this in our project later!
Silver Dragees Sugar Cake Sprinkles
published the results of an experiment on conditioning after originally studying digestion in dogs.
launches the behavioral school of psychology (classical conditioning), publishing an article, "Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It".
conditioned an orphan called Albert B (aka Little Albert) to fear a white rat.
wrote "The Behavior of Organisms" and introduced the concepts of operant conditioning and shaping.
Classical conditioning (also known as Pavlovian conditioning) involves forming an association between two stimuli resulting in a learned response. It was first studied by Ivan Pavlov in 1897.
What if the Balloon was blue?
Operant Conditioning is a method of learning that employs rewards and punishments for behavior. Through operant conditioning, an association is made between a behavior and a consequence (whether negative or positive) for that behavior.
Reinforcement and Punishment can be both
Positive (+) and Negative (-)
Positive (+) you add something
Negative (-) you take something away
Teach rats to drive cars?
Sheldon conditions Penny
Is it Classical or Operant?
In each of the following descriptions of learning situations, you are asked to identify whether classical or operant conditioning best applies. Further, you are asked to determine what learning principle(s) seem relevant.
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